Read Passage A carefully and then answer the questions.
First fill in the gaps with the correct tense and then answer the questions.
The Sleeping Giant
A new and extreme tourist attraction…has just exploded…..(just explode) on to the scene in
Iceland: Volcano Walking. It would appear, according to Trip Advisor, that
this is one trip that cannot be missed, despite the extortionate cost.
The idea of making Thrihnukagigur volcano accessible was the brainchild
of Ami B. Stefansson, a doctor in Reykjavik and a lifelong cave enthusiast.
He………..has been studying………………..(study) caves in Iceland since 1954 and some would argue
that there is no-one who has more experience. Thrihnukagigur has always
been special to Stefansson ever since he was the first to descend down to
the crater base in 1974. Like most people who experience it, he was utterly
spellbound by its uniqueness and beauty and made it his mission to
protect and preserve this stunning natural phenomenon. Unlike others
who may have only seen the profit that could be made from walking into
the mouth of a volcano, Stefansson ………believed…………(believe) that the primary focus was
to treat such a grand natural wonder with the utmost respect, to protect
and defend it. The first ‘volcano tourists’ entered the volcano in 2005 and
it has since been labelled as one of the most unique tourist attractions in
Volcano walkers ………are taken……….(take)to the mouth of the crater from where they
are lowered in a basket into the depths of the earth. People once thought
that volcanoes were portals to Hell and associated with death and destruction
and yet the entrance to the crater is awe-inspiring and almost
ethereal. The vastness of it can feel overwhelming; it is the size of a cathedral
and the Statue of Liberty could easily fit into the shaft. After 6
minutes and 120 metres, visitors arrive at the crater base. The ground
space is the size of three full-sized basketball courts placed next to each.
Practice Paper: Text A (pt2)
At the bottom there is a reverent hush. People whisper in respect to the
sleeping giant who has lain dormant for 4,000 years. The subterranean
walls are scorched with colours from a divine palette: magenta red, vibrant
purple, burnt orange, vivid green and honey yellow. The colour intensifies
in certain places where 4000 years ago the magma was pushed
out with brutal force. This is Mother Nature’s secret place, her private art
studio where visitors feel like trespassers. The protruding rock faces show
a tapestry of patterns and formations that have been moulded by heat,
pressure and time. Floodlights illuminate the walls and draw attention to
the beauty humans were never intended to see. A light rain weeps from
the porous rock above and covers the crater sides with a shine that makes
it sparkle. The scorch marks……can be seen………..(can see) close up – at one point in time
these rock faces were glowing red with fiery heat. This giant, although
sleeping, is still dangerous: an 80-metre drop into the void is disguised by
a collection of rocks close to where visitors stand.
It is a soul-enriching experience and visitors often report feeling deeply
moved by the beauty and tranquillity of something that was once so destructive
and angry. Confronted with this result of the unrestrained forces
of nature, it is hard not to feel small and powerless in comparison. Sadly,
the magical spell is broken when the basket appears, indicating that it is
time for visitors to return to reality. On the return hike, visitors walk
across the lava fields as though they are astronauts on the moon. They
pass enormous open wounds where the landscape is literally tearing itself
apart as tectonic plates slowly shift. It serves as one final reminder that
this giant is merely dormant, not dead.
Re-read the descriptions of:
(a) The volcano in paragraph 3, beginning, “Volcano
(b) The crater in paragraph 4 , beginning, “At the
Select four powerful words or phrases from each paragraph.
Your choices should include imagery. Explain
how each word or phrase selected is used effectively
Write about 100 to 150 words
Explain the meaning of the words in bold. Use synonyms to explain them.
1) Mouth of the crater
2) Associated with death and destruction
3) Crater is awe-inspiring
4 ) Vastness
2) Colours from a divine palette
3) Mother Nature’s secret place
4) A tapestry of patterns
These words or phrases I chose are used effectively and contained lots of imageries. In the third paragraph the phrase “mouth of the crater” is powerful because it referred to the fact that the walkers were feeling that the volcano was about to swallow them, it sounds spooky. “associated with death and destruction” symbolised the passage of death which lived destruction behind. The volcano was a symbol of devastation. “awe-inspiring” meant that the crater was stunning and impressive. The volcano was astonishing as well as powerful. The word “vastness” reflected that the walkers were impressed about the volcano. It was immense and enormous. In the fourth paragraph I chose some words and phrases such us ” dormant”. The volcano was “asleep”. The word “divine palette” made reference to the fact that it was full of colours. The walls of the volcano were amazing to see. “Mother Nature’s” secret place referred to the crater which was a special, splendid and picturesque place to visit. The last one ” a tapestry of patters” showed us a beautiful and hallucinatory atmosphere.
C) The Sleeping Giant: one that has great but unrealized or newly emerging power
extortionate: grossly, excessive, exorbitant, extremely expensive
spellbound: hold the complete attention of someone, fascinate, enchanted
unlike: different, unequal
awe-inspiring: spectacular, magnificent
overwhelming: much larger, stronger
dormant: asleep, inactive
soul-enriching: fulfilment of soul by doing good deeds and having good thought( good experience)
Finish these sentences in an appropriate way.
If I hadn’t visited Mary last week, I wouldn´ t have played tennis
If I could help Sue, I would talk to her
You need to study more if you want to pass your termtest
Why don’t you go to the doctor if you are feeling sick?
Suppose you had the chance of moving abroad, Would you move to Argentina ?
Jack can lend you the money as long as this business goes on
I wish I were taller. I would love to work as a model.
I wish you would stop smoking. It’s bad for your health.
Compare the two main characters of More than just the disease and Face. What do they have in common? Write a paragraph (90-100 words)Include at least one conditional sentence and one compound adjective. Include at least three of the following terms:
grope for – overcast- to prune- to scold- nosy- sip- to shiver- to hum- to quiver- reluctant- to coax- gloomy- to gleam- scorching hot- rusty- to scratch.
To start, the novel “Face” by Benjamin Zephaniah and the story “More than Just a Disease” by Bernard Maclaverty shared lots of things in common.
The main characters of both texts, Martin Turner and Neil dealt with physical difficulties. After a car crash, Martin ended up with serious injuries. He lost his friends and his confidence. Martin was different, he did not want to face his situation. He was uncomfortable with his life and was concerned about people’s thoughts. Everything was gloomy for him.
Neil dealt with a skin disease( psoriasis). He was afraid of taking his shirt off even it was a scorching hot day. He suffered a lot. At first, Neil could not enjoy his childhood.
At the end, Martin gained confidence because he did what he really liked, gymnastics. He did not care about people’s thoughts. He changed a lot. Martin was not a bigoted person anymore.
Neil talked with a woman. She told him not to be afraid about people’s comments. He felt better. He did not care about his appearance like in the beggining. He finally went to the sea.