In Literature, we read the poem “Dulce Et Decorum Est” by Wilfred Owen. First of all we had to do an analysis and then answer questions that we must post in our blogs. I did with Jerónimo Leguizamón and Benjamín Mayol.
Task 1: Answering the questions
1) In the first stanza, the main emotion expressed is trauma. The soldiers conveyed shock and vulnerability since they saw how terrible war is. They did not expect such fatigue or at the same time, agony. Soldiers were not aware about life in the trenches or being under attack. We imagined how weak they were since malnutrition affected the fighters. They tried to survive no matter if they were exhausted or not. “Returning home was seen as a difficult task to accomplish.”
2) “Bent double, like old beggars under sacks”
3) The shells are dissapointed since it suggests that the bombs not only are useless as they missed their target expected but are dissapointing the soldiers since their main desire was that the shells hit the enemy, maybe to end with the misery and the torture to finally make them rest eternally. War is seen as hopeless and unforgivable. There is a little possibility to survive.
1) The emotion deeply changes from being shock, exhausted and sorrowful to a more opressed, confused, dramatic atmosphere showing panic surrounding the soldiers. War is seen as a difficult step or task to reach, following the shock which is constantly repeated. For example “gas” is in capitals to portray that the fighters are perturbated by this situation. They were yelling They were not as alarm as expected. It took time for them to realize from all the panic they were living in.
2) The soldiers were fumbling for to put hurriedly their helmets before the toxins reached them, which will cause automatically their deaths. It sorted out the disorganization and the confusion the soldiers were living in as they were unable to think what was really happening. They warned and yelled but in some cases, it was too late. Nothing to do with an ecstasy of euphoria.
3) The metaphor used to describe what the gas looked like is: “Dim through the misty panes anthick green light”
1) We think the third stanza is only two lines long as the narrator is describing past events, memories he remembered about the war, the hardships they lived through. It narrates in the present. We assumed the narrator is alive and could return home. He never saw his friends again as they possibly died
1) The main emotion expressed in the fourth stanza is an emotion of resentment and annoyance mixed with remorse. The narrator could not tolerate war, he explained how terrible and oppresed it was. He felt guilty for the people he left behind but he will never forget about his partners who were along with him all the time.
2) Three parts of the body that are affected are the eyes, the lungs and the tongue.
3) The final lines are written in latin so the translation is ” It is sweet and proper to die for the fatherland”. Wilfred Owen, with this phrase, established a critic to war propaganda. Owen is one of the soldiers who fought for his country and was in a way forced to enlist and to participate. He portrayed the hardships of wars and said that no man deserved to go, fight and die for it. In addition, war is not honorable, patriotic or noble. It is death and suffering.
In our opinion, this poem described lots of things that are trasmitted to us which makes it an attractive to poem to read. As we analysed the poem, we could see Owen’s desire to make readers understand war’s dark side. We were able to understand Owen’s experiences and we were able to go through his mind trying to see how tough was to survive. This poem is full of imagery, powerful words, literary terms mostly connected with pain and fear. We can see this in the first stanza, when it says “like old beggars” suggesting that soldiers are deprived of dignity and health or in the case of “like a man in fire or lime” portraying a scene of desperation and agony as Owen witnessed a man on fire. He compared it with lime as a strong alkali which burns the skin so does flame. Moreover, there are many metaphors conveying men’s physical conditions, for example, “drunk with fatigue” as they stumble through the mud, or, similies suggesting lungs suffering just as though they have cancer. There is a lot of analysis to deal with, that is the reason why this poem is so catchy and wants readers to continue reading thinking how war changes a man forever.