The Destructors Activity

The Destructors (Rite of Passage)

  1. An object of desire: T’s desire to destitute power by proving himself what is capable of doing. He wants to turn into the leader of the gang by taking over Blackie.
  2. Trespassing (defying authority): Defying the law, defying the adults and lastly defying Blackie’s leadership by breaking into the house. T’s looking for power and respect.
  3. Dare/Challenge (construction of identity): Challenges the authority by planning to break inside the house. T wishes to have their orders completely followed.
  4. The mischief (should be owned up and dealt in a mature way): Rite of passage not completed. T and the other members of the gang did not feel sorry for what they did. They think it’s actually funny. The gang did not realize about what they have done and did not accept the consequences of destroying the house of a good man.
  5. Atonement (confession, acceptance and regret): Again the same. The gang did not apologize to Mr Thomas. The action of regretting and assuming responsability and maturity is missing. No one feels sorry for Mr Thomas neither the gang nor the driver of the lorry.

Find quotes to prove the following themes

  1. The individual affected by the social crisis: “A former architect and present clark”
  2. The aftermath of the war (how destruction leads to more destruction): “Destruction after all is a form of creation”
  3.  The evil nature of man: ” We’ll destroy it”
  4. Loss of compassion (as a result of war): “How dare you laugh?”
  5. class struggle: “We want you to be comfortable tonight”
  6. Destruction for the sake of destruction “We’ll put it down”

Symbols

Mr Thomas house: It symbolyses the little drop of hope behind the aftermath. It withstands the tough consequences of the blitz and the damage to London. Moreover, this symbol represents the upper classes and establishes a strong conflict among social divisions.

Mr Thomas and the children: Conflict between generations after the trauma of war. Mr Thomas portrays an old polite man with tender attitudes towards the gang. However, after the trauma of war lived by the younger generation, they learned that destruction will help to rebuild London again.

Old Misery: It’s very sarcastic since Mr Thomas is not a miserable person, they are no able to realize who is the miserable.

Money burning: Establishes class struggle among Londoners. Represents a symbol of taking revenge towards the upper classes who are able to prosper. The money burning means putting an end to the ones who cannot afford to have a proper life.

The debris of the house: The blitz in it’s full presence. Consequences after the impact the air raids had made among the people.

The laughter 0f the driver: No one says sorry to Mr Thomas. Neither the gang nor the adult driver feel sorry for him meaning there is loss of compassion as no one realize how a person could be after such event. War’s effects resulting from that demolition and the burst of laugher by the driver.

 

 

Publicado en 4AC2018, ingles, literature | Deja un comentario

The Destructors Comprehension Questions

The Destructors Comprehension Questions

In our Literature class, we read and analysed the story “The Destructors” by Graham Greene. Then, we had to join in groups and aswer seven comprehension questions.

1) What they do have in common with modern American gangs is that gangs are formed by juvenile delinquents. The ages of children joining a gang in the US keeps dropping. Between 9 and 12 years old. Moreover, children who belonged to these gangs in the US, commit small crimes such as intimidating people or robbing 24/7 shops. Also, youth gangs are prevalent in schools. Another characteristic is the use of colloquial english pointing out words such us “dude” or “homie” and in “The Destructors” phrases like “pinched ‘em”. However, what they do not have in common with the story is the buying and selling of drugs in schools or carrying sharp knives in their pockets. Graffiti ( graffiti did not appear until 1970) is very popular among gangs. Is not just art. Is a way of marking their territory and bring intimidation to rival gangs and the community. Usually a cryptic combination of letters or symbols, gang graffiti also is responsible for millions of dollars of damage to public and private buildings in most North American cities. Gangs act wherever young people congregate, at bus stops, parks, schools, and on the streets.

2) We see the central theme of the story, as the former division of upper classes vs lower classes as a result of the blitz hardships. We believe that Mr Thomas represents the upper classes at that time whereas they had great money despite losing everything. We are supposing that the kids pulling down Old Misery’s house suggests a symbol of taking down the social hierarchy which was very divided at that time in London.

5) The significance of the setting of the story portrays a bombarded London and how it has been bombed as a cause of the blitz. and how Londoners struggled to live in the underground shelters. Moreover, the story provides information about the boys who met together at an “impromptu  car park” the site of the last bombs of the first blitz as well as the houses nearby (not able to survive). Only Mr Thomas’s house was the one that was still intact. The causes of the blitz began when on August 25th, by the orders of Winston Churchill  to flow a retaliatory raid on Berlin. Hitler responded by telling the British that the Luftwaffe would drop I million kg of bombs on London if that was what was required. Two weeks later on September 7th, the first raid took place.

8) As Mr Thomas was pushed to the loo by the kids, he spent the whole night there while the boys finished destructing his house. Although he begged to be set free, T told him to be quiet and that  is no necessity for him to be uncomfortable that night. He brang some sandwiches and a blanket. Despite the fact that Old Misery cried, no one heard his desperate yellings, only the sound of resemble carpenters coming from his house. The next morning, a lorry driver came to get his truck. As he pulled out, he had the feeling something tugging on at the back. Then there is enormous crash and debris everywhere. He heard Mr. Thomas yelling from the loo and set him free. Mr. Thomas cried when he saw that his house has been pulled down, but the lorry driver cannot stop laughing due to the situation he was living. We think Graham Greene added a lot of humour to a serious and tragic atmosphere since it wanted to show how the life of a polite and considered man has been changed by a group of young folks. Young boys who wanted to teach Old Misery a lesson of who they are and what they are looking for. We believe they were jealous with the idea of his house not being affected by the bombs especially T.  T was the one who planned all this and probably he was looking to end with the remained house, to show Old Misery that not everyone had the pleasure to live in a house yet. London still did not recover at all.

 

9) Yes, we totally agree. 

First of all, the kids were totally proud of what they did. They had the feeling they were the heroes of the day. At that point, we see that all of them had hidden forces in which they release their anger by destroying the house.

Second of all, the theme of the war is essential for the story since all started there. The kids were troubled by knowing that house was the only one in the whole neighborhood that wasn’t destroyed during the WW2 so they destroyed the last house intact.

Finally, delinquency for my its the main drama in the story because as I said in the first argument , the kids were filled by anger that they unfortunately used it in a negative way by adding more delinquency in a place which was completely destroyed.

10) Clearly, the destruction of Old Misery’s house is much more senseless than the destruction and impact of World War II. This is because, the destruction of Old Misery’s house was a simple ilegal or vandal act or prank made by teenagers and the war was something bigger, more important more chaotic and blooded, it can’t be compared with a childish and illogical act.

11) Nihilism: The rejection of all religious and moral principles, in the belief that life is meaningless. In the story we can find this, because the main act of the story is that the kids destroy old misery’s house, the house of an innocent man, so they reject all moral and religious principles to make an evil, illogical and stupid act.

 

Publicado en 4AC2018, ingles, literature | Deja un comentario

Task 3: Attack by Sigfried Sassoon and Futility by Wilfred Owen

Attack by Siegfried Sassoon

  • Sasoon portrays the realness of war, how it actually was.
  • Portrays what happens in the battlefield as if the reader was viewing it through their own eyes.
  • Soldiers fought for their country, not knowing how harsh it truly was. he depicts the true nature of war.
  • The voice is as soldier who wants the war to come to an end, in the last lines, there is not a clear answer, but an idea of what could have happened.
  • The last line, could show the feelings of soldier towards war by ending the poem with a big question mark.
  • There are lots of quotes dealing with the idea of soldiers struggling to survive and Jesus as a the protagonist who do not do nothing to make stop the war. The poem tells us the terrific side of war, prolonging it towards death.
  • Moreover there are lots of imagery related to men running towards the enemy, running towards their deaths.
  • Emotions are also present, making us realized that soldiers were not treated as equal as individuals and many times fear about putting thier lives at risk.
  • Imagery is related to the artillery of military tanks and artillery bombardments.
  • There is an important phrase “At dawn the ridge emerges massed and dun, in the wild purple of the glowering sun” symbolizing the time of the day it elapses and the weather which is described a “glowering sun” giving off much more heat.

Resultado de imagen para attack by siegfried sassoon               Resultado de imagen para attack by siegfried sassoon

Futility by Wilfred Owen

  • Poem about an injured, probably dead soldier. It is set in France during the First World War
  • Owen questions what the point of life is when being created since it can be destroyed so easaly
  • The term and title of the poem “Futility” shows how pointless and worthless war is.
  • Futility is Owen’s belief in the worthlessness of both God and war.
  • The poet begins talking of a certain “him”. We do not know who he is since he can represent all the soldiers fighting in the war or one specific soldier.
  • “Move” suggests he can’t moves himself making readers wondering why.
  • The personification of the “Sun” suggests it is tender, gentle and powerful contrasting the brutality of war but helpless in the face of war.
  • The poem emphasises a deep contrast between being alive or dead. (Mixture of present and past tenses)
  • “Fields half sown” suggets he was a farmer before he had to enlist, implying he had lost potential. Respectful and friendlier tone suggeting kind of sympathy to the brave soldier.
  • “France” is mentioned. The First World War settled there.
  • Moreover, “snow” seems as a metaphor for a loss of hope.
  • Possibly, the repetition of the word “him” implies a reference to a byblical connection, Jesus Christ. Connection between Jesus sacrificing for humanity and soldiers sacrificing for their nations.
  • Hope has been lost, soldier is not able to return to home (dying). Life is futible due to war. Death is inevitable.
  • Resultado de imagen para futility by wilfred owen                       Resultado de imagen para futility by wilfred owen

b)

ATTACK

https://drive.google.com/open?id=1grt4XVyNvFNue_-DSQIqSIpaZnlCBE8k

In this illustration, the mighty and fearful tanks creep upon the trenches and make the enemies tremble.

FUTILITY

https://drive.google.com/open?id=1KAs6dbtgRkfLnstgpOUdC6dzPcRUUGeK

In this illustration, the soldier is beaten to the dirt, by exhaustion, fear and weakness.

 

 

Publicado en 4AC2018, ingles, literature | Deja un comentario

Mundial Grupo C

Aquí dejo la presentación:

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/10QKvcSRh6cYKqySd630YeoXjlRreEF4OcofchdmWY3g/edit?usp=sharing

 

Publicado en 4AC2018, castellano, historia | Deja un comentario

The Death Bed & Soldier Rest

Task 2

-Work on the following poems (they can be found in Songs of Ourselves or you can listen to them)

Soldier, Rest!

The Death Bed

The Death Bed written by Siegfried Sasoon during his service in World War II

The poem begins describing the account of a dying soldier who moves in and out of conciousness on his hospital bed. Though he is in hospital, the soldier constantly reminds his ordeal in the trenches. Sasoon uses the extended metaphor of water and waves along the shoreline to symbolise how the soldier is on the border between life and death, his existence is being gradually “washed away”.  The poem is intended to portray the aftermath of the war for the readers. The speaker describes the man’s suffering as he swallowed, unresisting. In fact the poem seems to prove the fact that death might well be the peaceful end that soldiers look forwards to after months of suffering. After all, it takes away the pain and brings calm, silence and safety.

Themes: Death, Annoyance

Tone: Downhearted, feeling defeated, crestfallen

Resultado de imagen para the death bed siegfried sassoon

Soldier Rest by Sir Walter Scott.

The repetition of death is presented all throughout the poem. Soldiers need to rest meaning its time for them to rest in peace living all the struggle they passed through away.

Theme: criticism of war, struggle of life, afterlife, meaning of life

Tone: Calm, reassuring

 

Resultado de imagen para soldier rest walter scott

 

Publicado en 4AC2018, eportfolio, ingles | Deja un comentario

Dulce Et Decorum Est

In Literature, we read the poem “Dulce Et Decorum Est” by Wilfred Owen. First of all we had to do an analysis and then answer questions that we must post in our blogs. I did with Jerónimo Leguizamón and Benjamín Mayol.

Task 1: Answering the questions

 

s1

1) In the first stanza, the main emotion expressed is trauma. The soldiers conveyed shock and vulnerability since they saw how terrible war is. They did not expect such fatigue or at the same time, agony. Soldiers were not aware about life in the trenches or being under attack.  We imagined how weak they were since malnutrition affected the fighters. They tried to survive no matter if they were exhausted or not. “Returning home was seen as a difficult task to accomplish.”

2) “Bent double, like old beggars under sacks”

3) The shells are dissapointed since it suggests that the bombs not only are useless as they missed their target expected but are dissapointing the soldiers since their main desire was that the shells hit the enemy, maybe to end with the misery and the torture to finally make them rest eternally. War is seen as hopeless and unforgivable. There is a little possibility to survive.

s2

1) The emotion deeply changes from being shock, exhausted and sorrowful to a more opressed, confused, dramatic atmosphere showing panic surrounding the soldiers. War is seen as a difficult step or task to reach, following the shock which is constantly repeated. For example “gas” is in capitals to portray that the fighters are perturbated by this situation. They were yelling  They were not as alarm as expected. It took time for them to realize from all the panic they were living in.

2) The soldiers were fumbling for to put hurriedly their helmets before the toxins reached them, which will cause automatically their deaths. It sorted out the disorganization and the confusion the soldiers were living in as they were unable to think what was really happening. They warned and yelled but in some cases, it was too late.  Nothing to do with an ecstasy of euphoria.

3) The metaphor used to describe what the gas looked like is: “Dim through the misty panes anthick green light”

s3

1) We think the third stanza is only two lines long as the narrator is describing past events, memories he remembered about the war, the hardships they lived through. It narrates in the present. We assumed the narrator is alive and could return home. He never saw his friends again as they possibly died

s4

1) The main emotion expressed in the fourth stanza is an emotion of resentment and annoyance mixed with remorse. The narrator could not tolerate war, he explained how terrible and oppresed it was. He felt guilty for the people he left behind but he will never forget about his partners who were along with him all the time.

2) Three parts of the body that are affected are the eyes, the lungs and the tongue.

3) The final lines are written in latin so the translation is ” It is sweet and proper to die for the fatherland”. Wilfred Owen, with this phrase, established a critic to war propaganda. Owen is one of the soldiers who fought for his country and was in a way forced to enlist and to participate. He portrayed the hardships of wars and said that no man deserved to go, fight and die for it. In addition, war is not honorable, patriotic or noble. It is death and suffering.

Extension Question

In our opinion, this poem described lots of things that are trasmitted to us which makes it  an attractive to poem to read.  As we analysed the poem, we could see Owen’s desire to make readers understand war’s dark side. We were able to understand Owen’s experiences and we were able to go through his mind trying to see how tough was to survive. This poem is full of imagery, powerful words, literary terms mostly connected with pain and fear. We can see this in the first stanza,  when it says “like old beggars” suggesting that soldiers are deprived of dignity and health or in the case of “like a man in fire or lime” portraying a scene of desperation and agony as Owen witnessed a man on fire. He compared it with lime as a strong alkali which burns the skin so does flame. Moreover, there are many metaphors conveying men’s physical conditions, for example, “drunk with fatigue” as they stumble through the mud, or, similies suggesting lungs suffering just as though they have cancer. There is a lot of analysis to deal with, that is the reason why this poem is so catchy and wants readers to continue reading thinking how war changes a man forever.

Publicado en 4AC2018, ingles, literature | Deja un comentario

The Lady in the Looking Glass: A Reflection

Resultado de imagen para virginia woolf

Virginia Woolf

Answer the following questions on your blog. 

  1. Notice how the mirror in the first paragraph is set up as the frame for a kind of a portrait.
  2. The unnamed narrator attempts to construct a portrait of the Isabella Tyson that consists of her outer self and her inner self. The portrait is reflected in the objects inside and outside the house as they reflect in the mirror.
  3. Describe the images reflected in the mirror.
  4. What kind of contrast is there between the objects inside the house and outside the house, as they are reflected in the mirror?
  5. Describe how the narrator attempts to compose the portrait through the mood inside the room, through her own imagination, and through the presentation of Isabella in the mirror
  6. What are the known facts about Isabella’s outer self?
  7. What material objects inside and outside the house does the narrator use to imagine Isabella’s life?
  8. What are Isabella’s letters supposed to conceal, according to the narrator? What would one know if one could only read them?
  9. At the end of the story, according to the narrator, is it possible to know objective one’s inner reality?
  10. In this story Woolf questions whether the inner self of an individual is finally knowable. What do you think is her conclusion? Provide support for your statement.
  11. What do you think is the role of the mirror in the story? How has the mirror been used as a metaphor in literature?
  12. Describe the characteristics of this story that resemble stream-of-consciousness narrative technique.

Find a picture of a room inside and a garden to illustrate the house in the story

Read the following text. How is this related to the story

  1.  The mirror in the first paragraph reflects the end of the superficiality Isabella Tyson has always carried. The mirror now framed her real side, her inner and hidden side, Isabella´s true identity is revealed to the readers.
  2.  The images reflected in the mirror are images which portrays Isabella´s being a sociable, serene woman on the inside but on the outside images conveys disorder, loneliness and death (inside).
  3.  The objects inside of the house are described as fully disorganized, there is chaos and turmoil surronding the house while the objects outside of the house are portrayed as calm, still objects (not moving). Two reflections can be distinguished.
  4.  The narrator attemps to potrait the mood inside the house as a chaotic, wild atmosphere.  Isabella is a  woman who lives under a lie, she seems to be very wealthy and a succesful woman who had many affairs.
  5.  The known facts about Isabella’s are that neither narrator knows with precision who Isabella really is. There are many supposions among Isabella´s. We only know she picked flowers and had a great sum of money.
  6.  The material objects that the narrator uses are the expensive clothe she wear and the letters she usually received, we can think of Isabella living under materliasm, creates a superficial character.
  7.  According to the narrator, the letters represents Isabella´s knowing people. The  letters conveyed the idea of whom is she. A person whose feelings and experiences are written in the letters
  8. Yes, at the end of the story readers finally understood that Isabella is empty and dead inside, Isabella discovered who she really is thanks to the mirror which reflected truth.  A person who has no friends, a person who is in debt since the letters that seemed to be from people who cared about her, in fact, were lots of bills she had to pay yes or yes.
  9. It is possible to know since we, readers, discover Isabella true side. She is no one, Everthing was a farse. Nothing was to be said about her. Lies go away and truth, reality came.
  10. The role of the mirrors in the story is very significant since mirrors show who you really are when we look at them. In connection with the story, we discover Isabella´s true identity. The mirror has been used as a methapor of showing an identity, finding your true side, self realization.
  11. Stream of consciousness is a narrative technique method whereas describing possible thoughts and feeling when passing through your mind. Virginia Woolf decided to depict Isabella as a person that treates those powerful thoughts. Both Isabella and Virginia seemed to deal with these feelings of being empty.

Find a picture of a room inside and a garden to illustrate the house in the story:

Resultado de imagen para house with garden

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Publicado en 4AC2018, literature | Deja un comentario

Martín Fierro: Nuestro video

En la clase de Lengua, nos asignaron a cada grupo una parte del “Martín Fierro” de José Hernández, la cual debía ser imitada en un video. Yo trabaje con: Margarita Muller, Inés Galmarini, Ignacio Maestro Malek, Felipe Vidal y Martín Anania.

Publicado en 4AC2018, literatura | Deja un comentario

Virginia Woolf Biography

Virginia Woolf

  1. Write down important facts about her life
  2. Her influence on women writers
  3. The technique she introduced in Literature

Answers:

1. Biography

Virginia Woolf was born on the 25th of january of 1982 in Kensington, England. As soon as she was born, she suffered from depression and bipolar disorder. She grew up in her father library in which she deeply fell in love with literature.
At the age of thirty, Virginia married a young writer from Cambridge called Leonard Woolf.
She escalate quickly to the fame when she published a series of books called “L. And V.  At the end of her career, she had been author of fifteen books. She was found drowned at Ouse river in Sussex, England at the age of sixty.

2. Influence:

Unlike many literary inspiring women, Woolf aimed to give credence to unspoken emotions and interpretations we experience daily. She did this not only by placing more traditionally feminine themes at the forefront of her stories but buy penning sentences with a cadence
that revealed her inner workings. Woolf was too impressive to be ignored.

3. Technique:

She changes the point of view during the story. She uses chaotic and ordered writing to describe different situations. She uses alliteration, metaphors and personifications to intensify her work.

Publicado en 4AC2018, literature | Deja un comentario

E – Portfolio Introduction

To start with, one of the tasks to bear in mind all throughout the year,  is to be creative!!

First of all, we have already finished reading “The Hollow of the 3 Hills” by Nathaniel Hawthorne, “Rooms” by Charlotte Mew and “Home is so Sad” by Philip Larkin.

When dealing with these poems and the story, all of them convey an idea of characters and “objects” feeling depressive and regretful. Moreover, there is a suggestion of abandonment (leaving behind) going around. Strong emotions coming, going and coming again.

Resultado de imagen para the hollow of the three hills                     Resultado de imagen para abandoned rooms

The malevolous witch., laughing          Joyous memories the writer remembers, powerful                                                                            rooms

Resultado de imagen para abandoned houses

Finding home intact after leaving behind

In my opinion, rooms are made of memories we constantly keep no matter if they are cheerful or sorrowful, we humans have our own rooms full of them, either locked or not. Furthermore, home and rooms are connected,  inside our home there are rooms. I feel secure, comfortable in my room. I will say it is “private property” since it is mine not “yours”. Moreover when dealing with home, it is the place where I live, a familiar place. I feel totally identify with it. Home and rooms turned to be one.

Publicado en 4AC2018, eportfolio, literature | Deja un comentario